How FICO Credit Scores Are Calculated
Since our world is so computer-driven, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying all types of loans to compile a FICO score.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to calculate your credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- History of Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late, and how often?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on which formula the agency uses. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers will likely find their scores falling above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Because the FICO score is entirely based on your lifelong credit history, it's difficult to make a significant improvement in the score with quick fixes. You must appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect data on your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
Getting your credit score
To raise your credit score, you've got to get the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Call us: 706-860-5514.